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The Identity Theft Victim’s Mini-Guide to Recovery

I've Been Identified in a Data Breach. Now What?

Just because you were in a data breach, doesn't mean you're a victim of identity theft. See this video for more details. If you have been identified as an identity theft victim, read the article below.

I'm an ID Theft Victim. Now What?

It's sad for me to hear the actual stories of the victims, especially since it could have been so easily prevented in most cases if the lawmakers and the agencies who are supposed to protect you would just get their acts together.

Blame aside, the question is: what do you do? I wish I could help everyone, but every situation is different. What I will post here are the most common, basic steps you will take to handle the current situation and prevent further ones.

Stop the Hemmoraging

Most of ID Theft is a result of someone else gaining access to your credit reports. Things like getting a bank account, getting a job, getting a lease, turning on utilities, and getting a cellphone all require a credit check. The very first thing you need to do is cut off access to your credit files to prevent the problem from getting worse or re-occurring in the future.

  1. File a police report with your local police and/or the Federal Trade Commission. All you need to do is say "I want to file a report of identity theft" and let them lead you through their process. They may or may not actually provide you much help or guidance, but that's ok. All you really need is a case number. You'll need this for several of the later steps.
  2. Most of ID Theft activity is hinged on access to your credit report which is protected only by a combination of your personal information much of which can be accessed freely on the Internet. This needs to stop. Take your police report or case number and contact each of the three Credit Reporting Companies. Tell them you want to put a "Credit Freeze" on your file and make sure they don't try to charge you any fees (credit freezes should be free for ID Theft victims).
  3. While you're on the phone with them, have them send you a copy of your current credit report. If they won't, use your "free coupon" granted by federal law by going to (the ONLY legitimate site to get them). You are entitled to one free report per year from each of the three companies. The site will lead you through the process, but some of the companies will try to sell you add-ons like credit monitoring services or similar. Don't do it. Get your free report and nothing else. If you see a spot to enter a credit card, you did it wrong.

Repair the Damage

Now you're going to start fixing the damage they caused.

  1. With your credit report in hand, you should be able to get an idea of what companies the scumbag opened accounts with or dealt with. You might even get some phone numbers and address information that's clearly not yours. Make a list of all of these and provide them to the police referencing your previous case number.
  2. Contact each company and explain the situation. Provide the case number or a copy of the police report if necessary, but make sure that they conduct an investigation or remove your information from the account records. Your goal here is to make sure that they no longer contact you or report you in relation to the debt/account.
  3. For each company you successfully do this with, follow the challenge process with the Credit Reporting Companies whose reports show that debt. They have 30 days to contact the creditor themselves to verify the item. If they can't (which they shouldn't because you just had the creditor remove your name from their records), they must remove that item from your report by law (based on the Fair Credit Reporting Act).

Shut it All Down

Someone is getting some benefit from your identity in the form of goods and/or services. You might have information of what those are and you might not. It may be worth hiring a private investigator to dig up information about yourself so you can figure out what kinds of records are in your name that shouldn't be.

Even if it didn't impact your credit report, take care of them. If you find out that the DMV for a state you've never lived in has records in your name, work to have them expunged. If someone activated a phone service for a house somewhere in your name, have it shut off. Follow every lead you have and stamp it flat. Best case scenario, you get enough information to identify the thief.

Some more resources

Here are some other links that I think have good data and cover some things I don't. The only thing I flat-out disagree with is putting a fraud alert on your account. It has almost no real use, expires in 90 days, and is unnecessary if you put a freeze on your account.

Guide Navigation
|INDEX|next: Credit Freeze

Too Late!

If you've already become a victim, here is a list of things you should do.

Solving ID Theft

Lock your credit reports with a Credit Freeze to prevent credit-based ID theft (90% of ID theft risk).
Learn to protect your information to prevent not only ID theft, but many other kinds of problems (the rest of ID theft risk).

Save Time and Money

cancel Credit Monitoring services.
Cancel Id Theft Insurance

Who is Responsible?

Sometimes you just have to wonder why it's so easy to steal identities in the first place.

5 Comments to “The Identity Theft Victim’s Mini-Guide to Recovery”

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Remark (s):
This section lists all of the remarks or comments that have been added to your file.
This may include a consumer statement and any other comments
made to your file. Each comment shows the date and reason the remark was added with the remark.

What does this mean?

I never made this remark on my credit file


    It sounds like someone at the company added it for you base on a phone converstaion or something similar. It’s probably not a ID theft thing, but if you want to be sure, just freeze your credit reports and then you won’t have to worry about it as much.

Your website is very interesting and new to me, the information you provided………………. I’ve never used an ATM card

I don’t have a debit card. Once a month I go by the drive through window. Everything on my Amex card which I pay online. Travel expenses (everything)on Amex card. Is this wise? You’ve spooked the hell out of me. What is best way to travel and have privacy?

Thank you, so much

    A credit card in the USA is protected by federal law so that should be fine. I don’t know as much about Amex, but if they’re like other credit card companies where unauthorized purchases are not your responsibility, then you should definitely use it versus an ATM or debit card.

Do you know if any of those identity theft protection programs are worth it? I thought about subscribing to something like Lifelock, but I’ve seen mixed reviews on that service.

How to Steal Identities - Why It's So Easy
Credit Freeze
Data Defense
Credit Monitoring
Id Theft Insurance
The Identity Theft Victim's Mini-Guide to Recovery
The Geek Privacy Principle
Nothing to Hide
Data Abuse
RFID - Radio Frequency IDentification
Privacy Alias/Persona
Data Defense
Online Addiction
The Consequences of Posting Online
Photo Safety
Tricks and Scams
Account Hijacking
Trusting Companies
Bad Passwords
Password Tips and Tricks
Password Protection
Password Mugging
Computer Security
E-mail Safety
Kids and Computers
Shopping Online
All About Warranties

The Identity Theft Victim's Mini-Guide to Recovery

If you've already experienced ID theft, here are some tips of what to do next.

[Click for full description]

How to Stop Credit-Based ID Theft with a Credit Freeze

A credit freeze locks your credit report preventing any thieves from being able to open new accounts in your name. Your credit cards and current accounts work like they always have.

[Click for full description]

Data Defense

One of the most important, but least understood, threats against us today is the creeping data-abuse by companies seeking to compile complete profiles on every American in order to enable "targeted marketing".

Until laws are in place to control their use of your data, learn the tips and tricks to make it harder for them while improving your identity-theft defense at the same time.

[Click for full description]

Credit Monitoring

What is credit monitoring, why it doesn't live up to its promises, and what you can do instead.

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Id Theft Insurance

Id theft insurance is another of the many types of "services" that have been created in response to the id-theft problem. But rather than help you solve identity theft, it generally helps the insurance company transfer money from you to them.

[Click for full description]