On April 23rd, the ID Theft Task Force that's chaired by Alberto Gonzales (the US Attorney General) and co chaired by Deborah Platt Majores (the chairwoman of the FTC) has released their final recommendations for reducing identity theft
Here are a few of their better recommendations:
- Decrease the unnecessary use of social security numbers in the public sector
For example, the federal Office of Personnel Management (OPM) has already done an internal review and realized that they were using SSNs in many cases where it wasn't necessary. They havebegun issuing employee numbers instead of just using SSNs.
Dang straight! Stopping data rape is a very good first step.
- Develop comprehensive record on private sector use of SSNs
What they mean by this is that they need to study how SSNs are used in businesses to determine how much is legitimate use and how much should be stopped, controlled, or altered. They plan to have completed this study and made recommendations to the president by first quarter '08.
Ditto above: Stopping data rape is a very good first step.
And here are some of their less-thought-out ones:
- Educate Federal Agencies on how to Protect Their Data and Monitor Compliance With Existing Guidance
Okay… Granted, bringing laptops home to get stolen was stupid the first time and got successively stupider as time went. Theoretically, by teaching the agencies obvious security and then monitoring compliance, we should be able to stop or reduce that particular type of data loss.
The important point to note here is that if an agency fails to protect data properly, they will be harshly punished by having that fact noted on their PMA scorecard *rolls eyes*. What this means and what the consequences are (if any), I have no idea.
- Ensure Effective, Risk-Based Responses to Data Breaches Suffered by Federal Agencies
This means they're going to develop a set of guidelines on how to handle breaches and issue it to all agencies (which they've already done). The guidlines will (emphasis mine):
set forth the factors that should be considered in deciding whether, how, and when to inform affected individuals of the loss of personal data that can contribute to identity theft, and whether to offer services such as free credit monitoring to the persons affected.
Ugh. So they might not even tell you that they messed up by losing your data now? That's some good accountability there. And credit monitoring? Are they still going on about this? I find it so hard to trust the opinion of someone who suggests credit monitoring as any kind of response to a data breach.
- Establish National Standards Extending Data Protection Safeguards Requirements and Breach Notification Requirements
They want to create a national standard of safeguards that applies to all "private entities that maintain sensitive consumer information". More importantly, they say that all such entities must be required to notify law enforcement and consumers of a breach. Though this requirement would only come into effect if there was "significant risk of identity theft" due to the breach.
Their justification for this is that consumers wouldn't want to be "overwhelmed" by breach notifications. That's crap. If a company has to send out an "overwhelming" amount of breach notifications, perhaps enough people would leave that company to make said company actually implement some security. This loophole also fails in that there's a lot of wiggle room in "significant risk". Who decides what's significant risk or not? The company? If so, I bet all breaches will be labeled "low risk".
Ah yes, and let's not forget our favorite clause. This legislation will preempt state laws on data breaches.
Where's the Freeze recommendation?
For those who don't know my site, I am a big proponent of credit security freezes
. I am severely disappointed in this final set of recommendations in that they softened the language from their initial recommendations
For residents of states in which state law authorizes a credit freeze, consider placing a credit freeze on their credit file.7 This option is most useful when the breach includes information that can be used to open a new account, such as SSNs. A credit freeze cuts off third party access to a consumer’s credit report, thereby effectively preventing the issuance of new credit in the consumer’s name.
Among the state-enacted remedies without a federal counterpart is one granting consumers the right to obtain a credit freeze. Credit freezes make a consumer’s credit report inaccessible when, for example, an identity thief attempts to open an account in the victim’s name. State laws differ in several respects, including whether all consumers can obtain a freeze or only identity theft victims; whether credit reporting agencies can charge the consumer for unfreezing a file (which would be necessary when applying for credit); and the time allowed to the credit reporting agencies to unfreeze a file. These provisions are relatively new, and there is no "track record" to show how effective they are, what costs they may impose on consumers and businesses, and what features are most beneficial to consumers. An assessment of how these measures have been implemented and how effective they have been would help policy makers in considering whether a federal credit freeze law would be appropriate. Accordingly, the Task Force recommends that the FTC, with support from the Task Force member agencies, assess the impact and effectiveness of credit freeze laws, and report on the results in the first quarter of 2008.
This is very weak and isn't even a recommendation of it's own, just a sub-component of "Assess Efficacy of Tools Available to Victims". So it went from the nice, solid (and correctly worded) "effectively preventing the issuance of new credit in the consumer’s name" to "there is no 'track record' to show how effective they are, what costs they may impose on consumers and businesses, and what features are most beneficial to consumers". Ok. Sure.
I'm going to stick with my original assessment, the ID Theft Task force has failed
. Yes there are consequences to businesses and commerce if we implement credit freezes. Industries that thrive on consumer debt (ie, 21st century slavery) will dry up or at least be cut down a limb or two and credit reporting companies will make less money (boo hoo).
But if the question is "what is the easiest, quickest, most effective way to curb ID theft", Credit Security Freezes are the hands-down answer.
Tags: Identity Theft